Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders

What is Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD?)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is the preoccupation with distressing, intrusive, thoughts or urges and the acting out of repetitive, compulsive acts  through excessive avoidance or make-right behaviors.

1. Obsessions: Unwanted, recurring, intrusive, nonstop thoughts and worries, and;
2. Compulsions (repetitive and ritualized physical or cognitive behaviors).

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) may include but is not limited to:

  • Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder
  • Hoarding Disorder
  • Trichotillomania (hair-pulling) Disorder
  • Excoriation (skin-picking) Disorder
  • Substance/Medication-induced, Obsessive-compulsive-related Disorder

OCD is a debilitating mental-health issue that is found in both children and adults.

It is linked to a wide variety of functional impairments and has a significant impact on social and occupational capabilities as well as on relationships and sense of self.

Some who suffer from OCD are successful in keeping their obsession a secret, yet live with an ongoing fear being discovered. The presence of obsessions or compulsions are time-consuming and interfere with a person’s normal functioning and ability enjoy life.

OCD Facts

  • OCD is thought to be triggered by a combination of genetic, neurological, behavioral, cognitive and environmental factors. Treatment usually requires a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and in some cases, Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRI).
  • It is important to seek treatment for OCD as soon as obsessive-compulsive tendencies begin as quality of life can be significantly impacted when struggling
  • OCD treatment usually requires a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and, in some cases, Selective Serotonin Re-uptake Inhibitors (SSRI).

Don’t We All Suffer from Obsessions?

OCD sufferers experience frequent and abnormal episodes of ruminative thinking and worry about fundamental life issues.  For those with OCD, the obsessive thoughts and/or behaviors often cause the individual to try and suppress and squelch such thoughts, yet often another behavior or compulsive thought replaces the original.  The cycle repeats itself over and over again, as if in a continual loop to which there is no end.

A person with OCD often struggles with these particular situations or concepts:


Bodily fluids
Environmental contaminants
Household chemicals
Dirt or dust

Not Being in Control

Fear of the impulse to harm oneself
Fear of the impulse to harm others
Fear of horrible imagery that plays in one’s mind
Fear of calling out insults or sudden swearing
Fear of kleptomania


Fixated on making things even, lined-up or exact
Fixated by a need to know or recall
Fear of forgetting bits of important information
Chronic confusion over whether to keep something or let it go

Unwanted Sexual Thoughts

Forbidden, perverted sexual thoughts or visions
Forbidden, perverted sexual thoughts or sexual impulses about others
Obsession with homosexuality
Sexual obsession that involves children or acts of incest
Compulsive thoughts about aggressive sexual behavior inflicted on others

Religious Obsessions

Overly worried about offending God or the act of blasphemy
Obsessed by superstitious ideas and fears

Other Obsessions

Fear of contracting a physical illness or disease
The incessant collecting of material items, resulting in massive clutter (hoarding)
Putting things in order or arranging things until it “feels right” or symmetrical
Telling, asking, confessing to get reassurance
Avoiding situations that might trigger your obsessions

Washing and Cleaning

Constant hand-washing, and in a certain way
Excessive showering, bathing, tooth brushing, grooming or hygenic routines
Over-cleaning household items or other objects to the point of obsession

Checking and Rechecking

Checking that you did not/will not harm others
Checking that you did not/will not harm yourself
Checking that nothing terrible happened
Checking that you did not make a mistake


Rereading or rewriting
The repeating of routine activities (examples: going in or outdoors, getting up and down from chairs)
The repeating of body moments (example: tapping, touching, blinking)
The repeating of activities in “multiples” (repeating a task three times because three is a “good,” “right,” “safe” number

Mental Compulsions

Rehearsal of hazards to prevent bad things from happening
Chronic prayer to prevent harm coming to oneself, others, or to prevent horrible consequences
Repetitively counting while doing a task to end on a “good,” “right,” or “safe” number
“Cancelling out” or the habit of “undoing” and again, undoing, to correct behaviour

Confidential Consultation

Contact us for a confidential consultation. We welcome your questions and inquiries. Let us assist you in taking whatever necessary next steps are available to you as well as to your partner, family member, or loved one.

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